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This unit with teach your children about different forces such as friction, gravity, air resistance and water resistance. Children will also learn about the use of mechanisms such as levers, gears and pulleys.

Wider Learning


Go Online: Forces and Motion-



Gears, Levers and Pulleys -

Levers -

Pulleys -

Bill Nye The Science Guy: Simple Machines -



- Investigate what objects float and sink in the kitchen sink or the bath and find out about Archimedes' principle. (

- Investigate different shapes of paper aeroplanes and which are most effective; discuss why.


Make it:

- Make a mini-parachute for a teddy. What shape or size is most effective?

Make a simple pinball machine using a cardboard box and ice lolly sticks and explore the science of forces and motion. (


Visit: Why not plan a science day out and visit the Science Museum in London? ( Before you go, download a Fantastic Forces Trail and a Great Object Hunt (Forces)


Explore: Explore gravity by dropping a selection of objects on the floor – do they always fall? Discuss why.


Test: Test how a toy car moves down a ramp made of different surfaces or covered in different materials.


Research: Find out about Leonardo Da Vinci's work with simple machines. (



- A Crash Course in Forces and Motion with Max Axiom, Super Scientist by Emily Sohn

- Can You Feel the Force?: Putting the fizz back into physics by Richard Hammond

- Fatal Forces (Horrible Science) by Nick Arnold

- Forces and Motion (Mind Webs) by Anna Claybourne