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Properties and Changes of Material

This ‘Properties and Changes of Materials’ unit will teach the children about different materials, their uses and their properties, as well as dissolving, separating mixtures and irreversible changes. The children will sort and classify objects according to their properties. They will explore the properties of materials to find the most suitable material for different purposes.

Wider Learning


Go Online: Changing Materials -


Experiment with it: A wonderful site with links to fascinating investigations that you can carry out to observe the state of matter -


Read, Make and Explore: Kitchen Science Lab for Kids: 52 Family Friendly Experiments from the Pantry (Hands-On Family): 52 Family Friendly Experiments from Around the House: 4 by Liz Lee Heinecke


Make it: 

- Melt chocolate and butter to make chocolate crispy cakes

- Make ice-cubes or ice-lollies or home-made ice-cream (

- Make a cake or bake bread to observe the irreversible change


Observe it:

- Mix bicarbonate of soda with vinegar to observe what happens

- Use sieves and filter paper (or kitchen roll) to separate solutions of sugar and water, salt and water or soil and water.




Watch: Chemical Reactions -


Go Online: Understand solids, liquids and gases -



- Experiments with Solids, Liquids, and Gases by Christine Taylor-Butler

- The Solid Truth About States of Matter with Max Axiom, Super Scientist (Graphic Science) by Agnieszka Biskup