The National Curriculum states the following aims:
- for children to become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
- for children to reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language.
- for children to be able to solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.
In Primary school, the balance between mental and written methods, and the way in which pupils progress from one to the other, is very important. Standard written methods are a reliable and efficient procedure for calculating, and once mastered, can be used in many different contexts.
At Walker, we have created a whole school policy for the progression of written calculations in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and fractions. The policy ensures continuity from one year group to the next, and can help parents and carers to understand how this area of maths is taught, so that they can give the best support at home.
The best way to support your child will be to help them with the method currently being practised in their classroom.
The below documents are written methods guidelines, showing how written calculations are taught in class, for each year group. They can be used to help support your child with consolidating knowledge and understanding at home.